A definition of hosting
As its name hints, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting web content. There are various varieties and kinds of hosting, depending on the purpose and on the functions. Even so, they all are related to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Web. A host is actually a web server that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its very own IP address, which enables users to access it via the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's architecture and its limitations are determined by the kind of web hosting service it will be used for.
What are the various types of hosting?
Based on the goal, the business website hosting service may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this type of hosting allows the clients to deposit their files on a specific server. With the typical file hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the individual that's using the service. This web hosting solution normally involves backups of personal computers , documents, private files and even other web servers. This solution may also involve given limits with regard to the data storage space and the root access. There may also be web traffic restrictions, but that depends on the actual service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is comparable with the previous web hosting service form. Even so, unlike the file hosting service, the warez hosting solution is used for disseminating copyrighted materials without being green-lighted by the licence proprietor. In short - it involves the unlawful distribution of files and materials. There are many methods for this to be realized, but the 2 main methods are - via plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first approach entails either a specific website, or, most typically, just a directory on a web server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download licensed materials free of charge. The second method entails a peer-to-peer connection, availing of the so-called Torrent web servers, via which people share files between each other. There are very few website hosting vendors that allow that type of web hosting on their web servers, mainly due to all the judicial entanglements that it presupposes. Commonly such sites are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party companies either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared web space hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the customer's desire. If you wish to establish your own private SMTP server, then you will require either a private virtual server or a dedicated hosting server that provides the level of access required to perform such a procedure. For routine email web hosting purposes, though, you can open a regular shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a service that's widely popular, since the site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by 2 separate web servers, often owned by different providers.
Web Site Hosting - the most widely spread and regularly utilized hosting service nowadays. It's used for hosting website files, whose kind is determined by the Operating System the web hosting server is availing of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files demand different hosting server OSs, otherwise they won't be shown correctly on the Internet. This sort of web hosting may impose web storage space and traffic quota limitations, root access and central processing unit usage restrictions.
Depending on the aims and on the usage, the customer should select the kind of server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the site hosting company that's going to furnish it. There are different sorts of hosting servers, based on the specifications and the web space hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared website hosting server offers a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, reflects on the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and medium size web pages, which do not need big quantities of data storage space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they are based on the very same principle as the shared website hosting servers. Even so, there are much less users sharing the same server. That is why, each of them will obtain a larger quota of the web server's resources like RAM, data storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting big web pages that do not demand complete root-level access.
Virtual Private Server - the virtual hosting servers are perfect for middle size websites, which do need root access to the web server's config files. Traditionally, there are a few virtual server accounts placed on the same physical machine. Even so, each of them is insulated from the others and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a completely dedicated server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a great amount of resources. It also provides root access, which makes it a perfect platform for any type of site that demands a web space hosting solution.
The only question that remains is:
Which site hosting company should I pick?
As stated above, there aren't many hosting providers offering warez hosting services because of legal troubles. Such web hosting companies are being closed down almost every month. Therefore, if you want to provide such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web site hosting solution is the most widespread type of hosting service. That is why, each website hosting distributor provides it. Not all of them, however, offer services such as private virtual hosting servers, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated web servers. Most of the small scale web hosting suppliers do not have the means demanded for maintaining those solutions. For that reason it's always best to select a bigger hosting company that can supply its clients with all the solutions that they want. You can effortlessly identify such hosting companies by the sorts of services that they are making available and by the manner in which they present them to the clients. For example, some hosts allow you to commence with a low-end hosting account and afterwards move to a bigger one, if you consider it compulsory to do so. This is quite suitable, since you do not need to relocate web sites between hosting servers and there is no danger of facing service downtime due to all the predicaments that may occur. Providers like Uni-Bz are offering all kinds of services and have the adequate hosting server resources and personnel to assure that their customers will not suffer any troubles when changing services, which is what a top hosting firm is actually all about.